A gravel garden is a great option if you wish to create a low maintenance or Mediterranean style garden. These types of gardens use plants that are drought tolerant, which reduces the need to water regularly although some minimal weeding may still be required.
By choosing the right hard and soft landscaping, a gravel garden can be beautiful, practical and attractive to wildlife.
When planning your garden, the soil is the first thing to consider. If you have clay soil, you will need to add plenty of organic matter as a lot of the plants used in a Mediterranean style of garden prefer a sunny spot with well-drained soil.
Next decision is the gravel – there is a vast array to choose from. With different sizes and colour, there should be something suitable for everyone’s taste whether that be traditional, Japanese style or an industrial look. I would suggest getting a sample of the different types you like and taking them home to try as it will look different in your own setting.
When choosing the type of gravel, its also important to consider if it will be walked upon as angular medium grade gravel is easier under foot. Plus, if you use small (10mm or below), you could find your garden is suddenly more attractive to cats!
Any surface dressing helps shade the soil and keeps it cool which prevents it from drying out as fast after rain or watering and this allows more water to go into the ground for later use. Adding large stones and pots not only creates an interesting focal point, it can also decrease the quantity of water needed as the soil dries out less quickly.
After levelling and raking the surface of your garden border, lay landscape fabric over the surface and cut a cross in the fabric and place your plant through it. Once all your plants are in place you can gently add your chosen gravel to a depth of around 5cm. It’s cheaper to buy gravel loose rather than in individual bags (which also cuts down on plastic waste).
So once you’ve chosen all your hard landscaping materials, the exciting bit is the plants which will bring it to life!
What plants are suitable for a gravel garden?
There are many plants that are well suited to dry, drought like conditions. As a general rule of thumb choose plants with the following attributes:
Small leaf – such as Verbena bonariensis, thyme
Silver leaf – Olive tree and Lavender
Thick leaf – Sedum, Sempervivums
Hairy leaf – Stachys byzantine commonly known as lambs ears which are so soft and tactile.
When planting small plants they can become swamped by gravel, so plant them so that that they are raised slightly above the level of the gravel.
The Contemporary Version of Border in a Box is ideal for this style of garden.
This is the Contemporary Design & has just been planted